A film by an Australian woman has won the Special Jury Prize at the Venice Film festival.
Australian writer-director Jennifer Kent's The Nightingale, which was the sole title in the competition directed by a woman, scored a double whammy.
The revenge thriller won the Special Jury Prize and also the Marcello Mastroianni nod for best young actor which went to indigenous actor Baykali Ganambarr.
In this sometimes violent film set in 19th century Tasmania a 21-year-old Irish convict woman and an Aboriginal tracker (played by Ganambarr) pursue the British army officer who wronged her family.
The picture prompted a screamed sexist insult against the director during the press screening which in turn caused the screamer to have his press credentials pulled.
"I would also like to say to all those women out there wanting to make films, please go and do it. We need you. The feminine force is the most powerful and healing force on the planet," Kent said accepting the award.
"I'm confident next year and the year after we'll see more and more women inhabiting this space."
Alfonso Cuaron's Roma, a black-and-white drama drawn from the director's memories of growing up in Mexico City in the early 1970s which marks his return to Spanish-language filmmaking, won the festival's top gong, the Golden Lion.
"Roma," which is clearly Cuaron's most personal work, is centered around two domestic workers, both from Mixteco heritage, who tirelessly take care of a small family in the middle-class neighbourhood of Roma.
French director Jacques Audiard took best director for his witty English-language Western starring Joaquin Phoenix and John C. Reilly as sibling hitmen.
Best actor honours went to Willem Dafoe for his tour-de-force performance as Vincent Van Gogh during the artist's artistically illuminated but mentally dark final period in Julian Schnabel's At Eternity's Gate.
Joel and Ethan Coen won best screenplay for their Western The Ballad of Buster Scruggs, originally conceived as a TV series, also from Netflix.
Netflix has had a major presence at the Venice, with six titles, and this edition marks the giant streamer's first major prize on the major festival circuit.
WINNERS OF THE 75TH VENICE FILM FESTIVAL OFFICIAL AWARDS
Golden Lion: Roma, Alfonso Cuaron, U.S. Mexico
Grand Jury Prize: The Favourite, Yorgos Lanthimos, Greece, U.K.
Silver Lion for Best Director: Jacques Audiard, The Sisters Brothers, U.S.
Volpi Cup for Best Actress: Olivia Colman, The Favourite, Greece, U.K.
Volpi Cup for Best Actor: Willem Dafoe, At Eternity's Gate, US
Best Screenplay: Joel and Ethan Coen, The Ballad of Buster Scruggs, US
Special Jury Prize: The Nightingale Jennifer Kent, Australia
Marcello Mastroianni Award for Young Performer: Baykali Ganambarr, The Nightingale, Australia
Australian Associated Press